Date of Creation
Bayelsa State occupies the Southern part of Nigeria, making it very strategic in a number of ways. It has the longest coastline in the West African sub-region making the State a major tourists destination. Created in 1996 from the old Rivers State, it’s bounded to the east by Rivers State and west by Delta State, with the beautiful waters of the Atlantic Ocean dominating its southern borders.
The name of the state, Bayelsa, is derived from a combination of acronyms of three Local Government Areas within its confines: Brass LGA (BALGA), Yenagoa LGA (YELGA), and Sagbama LGA (SALGA). The state is made up of 8 Local Government Areas; there are Ekeremor, Kolokuma Opokuma, Yenagoa, Nembe, Ogbia, Sagbama, Brass and Southern Ijaw.
The beautiful city of Yenagoa serves as the Capital City which plays host to most of the Government and private institutions.
The four main languages spoken are Izon, Nembe, Ogbia and Epie-Atissa. Like the rest of Nigeria, English is the official language. Bayelsa State has one of the largest crude oil and natural gas deposits in Nigeria. Bayelsa is often described as the cradle of Ijaw culture and tradition because of its rich culture and tradition that dates back to so many centuries.
Highlights some important dates in history that shaped the military, political and administrative sphere in Bayelsa State.
Created from old Rivers State on October 1st, 1996 by General Sani Abacha. The name "BAYELSA"was derived from three local government area acronyms namely Brass (BA), Yenagoa (YE) and Sagbama (SA).
Navy Captain Phillip Oladipo Ayeni (February 1949 – 21 April 2017) was the first Administrator of Bayelsa State, Nigeria after it had been created, holding office from October 1996 to February 1997 during the military regime of General Sani Abacha.
Diepreye Solomon Peter Alamieyeseigha (DSP) (16 November 1952 – 10 October 2015) was the first elected Executive Governor of Bayelsa State as a member of the ruling People's Democratic Party (PDP). He was sworn into office in 29 May 1999 and ran his tenure till 9 December 2005.
Against all odds, on February 14, 2020 Senator Douye Diri, a trained teacher, businessman, social crusader, pan-Ijaw activist, politician and parliamentarian of the highest class, Miraculously took office as the fifth governor of the oil rich Bayelsa State in Nigeria's Niger Delta.
The 1952 Census Reports the ljaws of the Niger Delta region was recognized as one of the ten major ethnic groups with a population of 0.9 million. During the colonial administration, a separate province was created for them. The amalgamation of Southern and Northern Protectorates in 1914 triggered the fear among minority ethnic groups of political domination; hence their agitation for a distinct state comprising the old Brass, Degema and Western ljaw Divisions, under the umbrella of ljaw National Group, started in earnest. During the colonial period, Britain signed many treaties of protection with the chiefs of many coastal communities, especially the ljaws, with the hope that at Nigeria’s independence in 1960, a nation state would be created for them.
Between 1941 and 1956, many nationalist movements were formed mainly to establish ljaw political sovereignty. They pressed the issue of separate political sovereignty before the Willink Commission 1958. In order to allay the fears of the ethnic minorities, the Willink Commission recommended the establishment of the Niger Delta Development Board (NDDB) to tackle the problems of underdevelopment of the area, environmental neglect and political domination. Despite the establishment of the Board, the agitation for state creation, based on the above stated problems, continued until the military wrested political power and control of Nigeria from civilians on 15th January 1966.
In February 1966, Isaac Boro, an ljaw son from Kaiama town, with Sam Owonaro, Nottingham Dick and thousands of their supporters unilaterally proclaimed a “Niger Delta Peoples Republic.” But the Federal Government brought the rebellion to a sudden end. On May 27, 1967, the then Rivers State (which was made up the present Rivers and Bayelsa States) was created.
Agitation for a separate indigenous Ijaw State continued among the ljaws and some of the reasons given included: environmental degradation occasioned by oil exploration and exploitation; continued neglect of the economic development of the area, political marginalization et cetera. On October 1st of 1996, Bayelsa State was created out of Rivers State by the Sani Abacha’s military government. Its name Bayelsa was derived from acronyms of three functional Local Government Areas at the time: Brass LGA (BALGA), Yenagoa LGA (YELGA) and Sagbama LGA (SALGA).
Local Government Area and their Administrative Headquarters.
Administrative Headquaters: Twon Brass
Language: Abureni; Southeast Ijo; Ogbia; Kugbo
Administrative Headquaters: Ekeremor Town
Administrative Headquaters: Kaima Town
Administrative Headquaters: Ogbolomabiri
Language: Abureni; Southeast Ijo. Izon
Administrative Headquaters: Ogbia Town
Language: Abureni; Southeast Ijo; Odual; Ogbia; Oruma
Administrative Headquaters: Sagbama Town
Language: Biseni; Isoko; Izon; Ogbah; Okodia; Urhobo
Administrative Headquaters: Oporoma Town
Administrative Headquaters: Yenagoa City
Language: Engenni; Epie; Izon; Ekpeye
Fishing is the major occupation of Bayelsa people because of the abundant creeks, lagoons, rivers and swamps within which commercial fishing is practiced. Over 200 species of fish can be found in the waters within and around the state. Fish oil extraction is a common economic activity throughout all the LGAs of the state, and the coastal areas abound in sea foods such as fish, oysters, crabs, lobsters, periwinkle et cetera. There are also sea animals such as Hippopotamus, manatee, crocodile etc. in the seas, rivers and streams that crisscross the state.
Food crops grown in the state include yam, cocoyam, banana, pineapple and plantain. Cash crops grown in the state include coconut, pears, oil palm and raffia palm. The potentialities for the development of these crops to feed local industries are very good. Technologies are being developed to reclaim land from mangrove swamps in order to cultivate food, especially lowland rice and the cash crops identified above on a large, commercial scale.
With the largest crude oil reserve in the Niger Delta of Nigeria, the state produces over 40% of the country’s on-shore crude oil and vast quantities of associated gas. It also has large deposits of clay.
Location: Bayelsa is geographically located approximately within Latitude 4°15 North at the Southern part & 5°23 North at the Northern limit and Longitude 5°22 East at the Western part & 6°45 East at the actual Eastern limit. It is bordered by Delta State to the West, Rivers State to the East, the Atlantic Ocean to the South and both Rivers and Delta States to the North.
Geology: Domiciled within the lower delta plain believed to have been formed during the Holocene of the quaternary period by the accumulation of sedimentary deposits. The major geological characteristic of the state is sedimentary alluvium.
Soils: The major soil types in the state are young and shallow,(inceptisol Aquepts) and acid sulphate soils (Sulphaquepts). There are variations in the soils, some soil types occupy extensive areas whereas others are of limited extent. However, based on physio graphic differences, several soil units could be identified in the state.
Climate and Vegetation: Rainfall in the State varies in quantity from one area to another. The state experiences equatorial type of climate in the southern the most part and tropical rain towards the northern parts. The average monthly temperature is in the range of 25°C to 31°C. The hottest months are December to April.