The Government of Namibia has established an interim secretariat to facilitate the implementation of the Convention. It will carry out this task until the entry into force of the Convention and the full implementation of the administrative arrangements. The Interim Secretariat will conclude provisional arrangements for the authorization and notification of fishing vessels, the needs of vessels, as well as scientific monitoring and the collection of information in support of stock assessment. The Convention on the Conservation and Management of Fisheries Resources in the South-East Atlantic, which paves the way for the establishment of SEAFO, was opened for signature on 20 April 2001. The objective is to ensure the long-term conservation and sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources in the Convention area through the effective implementation of the Convention. Negotiations on the establishment of ASEAN took place over a period of five years. The Convention area is large and covers part of the Pacific Ocean. The Convention area is defined by geographical coordinates to the south and east. In the west and north, due to a number of difficult and sensitive political issues, boundaries are defined by reference to the migratory zone of the stocks. In this way, the Commission will define the scope of conservation and management measures for certain species on the basis of its cooperation agreements with other relevant regional fisheries management organisations. The objective of the 1995 United Nations Fish Stocks Convention is to facilitate the implementation of certain provisions of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982 Convention) on the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks. The Convention complements the 1993 FAO Convention on Promoting Compliance with International Conservation and Management Measures by Fishing Vessels on the High Seas (1993 FAO Convention) and the 1995 FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. The main aspects of the SEAFO Convention are the establishment of a Commission, a Secretariat and a Scientific and Compliance Committee, the application of the precautionary approach, the commitments of the Contracting Party3, the obligations of the flag State, the obligations of the port State and measures taken by a port State, surveillance, inspection, compliance and enforcement, decision-making, cooperation with other organizations, compatibility of conservation and management measures; Fishing opportunities, recognition of the special needs of developing countries in the region, non-Parties to the Convention, implementation and final provisions.
The 1995 United Nations Fish Stocks Convention gave rise to two new RFMOs: one dealing with the management of straddling fish stocks and the other with highly migratory fish stocks. The agreement aims to achieve this objective by creating a framework for cooperation in the conservation and management of these resources. It promotes the order of the oceans through the effective management and conservation of the resources of the high seas, including by establishing detailed minimum international standards for the conservation and management of straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks; ensure that measures for the conservation and management of these stocks in areas of national jurisdiction and adjacent high seas are compatible and consistent; ensure the effective implementation of these measures on the high seas; and recognition of the specific conservation, management, development and participation needs of developing countries for the two types of stocks mentioned above. The Agreement reflects the structure of the 1995 United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement. In developing the Agreement, the Convention`s negotiators relied on regional and international instruments, including the Multilateral Fisheries Treaty between the United States of America and members of the Forum Fisheries Agency, the 1993 FAO Compliance Agreement and the 1995 FAO CODE of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Negotiators took a pragmatic approach to the elaboration of the convention and sought to address specific issues of regional importance (e.g. B the participation of areas in the Commission and transparency) of fisheries management, in particular where these issues could be problematic and jeopardise management efforts (e.B transhipment of catches at sea). In addition, States recognized the need to welcome Chinese Taipei, a major player in tuna fishing in the Western and Central Pacific, into the negotiations and future work of the Commission. .